Natural Disaster Risk Management in the Southern Mountain Area in Jiangxi – People’s Republic of China

Client: Asian Development Bank (ADB) through HJI Group Corporation

Funding source: Asian Development Bank (ADB)

Location: Gannan Mountains, Jiangxi Province, People’s Republic of China

Duration: August 2014 – March 2016

Assignment: Team leader and Disaster Risk Management specialist

Duties and Tasks

Services provided by NDR Consulting GmbH:

  • Coordination of the team of experts.

  • Preparation of work plan, implementation procedures.

  • Assessment of natural disaster risks in the Gannan Mountains and climate change issues.

  • Training and capacity development of local stakeholders.

  • Development of a step-by-step procedure for the IDRM work in communities of the Gannan Mountains

  • Preparation of the Gubeicun integrated disaster risk management plan

  • Development of a DRM policy for the Gannan Mountains

Project description

Disasters and disaster risks from natural hazards are well-known in the Gannan Mountains: mainly floods (80 %), as well as landslides, droughts, occasional freeze, storms, or forest fires regularly cause significant damage. The overall loss amounts to about RMB 1 billion every year with increasing tendency in the last decade. These events have significant impact, particularly on the agriculture sector.

The team performed a disaster risk assessment for the whole Gannan Mountains as well as for the Xinfeng County and Gubeicun, increased awareness and built capacity of local government and community stakeholders and develop a community-based integrated disaster risk management (IDRM) plan for Gubei cun, a local community in Xinfeng County (Ganzhou City).

Outputs, activities and issues

The final review mission fielded in Dec 2015 was successful and well attended. The following outputs were produced:

  • The integrated disaster risk management (IDRM) plan for the Gannan mountain area (example of Gubei cun)

  • A policy brief for Integrated Disaster Risk Management for Gannan Mountains for the local level

  • The IDRM methodology, to guide the process for creating a community-based IDRM plan.

Basic flood risk map: The elements at risk are overlaid on the flood hazard map (with the three hazard zones: red, orange, yellow)


Feasibility study and business plan for a Centre of Excellence for Earthquake Risk Management

Client: World Bank

Location: Istanbul, Turkey.

Duration: June to December 2012

Assignment: DRR expert

Duties and tasks:

  • Development of a feasibility study with:
    – Fundamentals for a Centre of Excellence (main functions)
    – Stakeholder mapping
    – Activity development
  • Development of Business plan
    – Existing Centres of Excellence in the field of DRR and ERM
    – Action plans
    – Financial considerations
    – Legal issues

Project Description:

During the 2009 International Conference on Seismic Risk Mitigation in Istanbul the Turkish Government expressed its commitment to share the knowledge gained from years of its efforts to improve seismic resilience of societies and communities. The prime source of knowledge is the Istanbul Seismic Risk Mitigation and Emergency Preparedness (ISMEP) project (; in addition, other initiatives merit to be shared with national, regional and international audiences through the creation of a Centre of Excellence (CoE) for Seismic Risk Management in Istanbul.

A feasibility study on the creation of a Centre of Excellence for Seismic Risk Management was financed by the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) as a follow-up to the 2009 International Conference on Seismic Risk Mitigation in Istanbul. The study comprised of an in-depth analysis of existing centres in the field of DRR and seismic risk reduction and interviews with approx. 20 local, national and international stakeholders from government, private sector, academia and non-governmental organisations to clarify the demand for technical support in the field of seismic risk management, to grasp the sense for potential support for such centre and to define its possible outline.

The Business Plan further details the Feasibility Study and provides concrete elements for the creation and operation of the centre. It covers a stakeholder analysis, provides thematic, institutional and financial considerations and lays out action plans.

Partners: Istanbul Project Coordination Unit (IPCU; governorate of Istanbul) for the Istanbul Seismic Risk Mitigation and Emergency Preparedness (ISMEP) Project


School retrofitting (Istanbul, Sep 2011)


Kant Water Rehabilitation Project – Feasibility Study: Social Due Diligence and Climate Change Impact

Client: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)

Location: City of Kant, Kyrgyzstan.

Duration: April to September 2012


The City of Kant requested the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the Ministry of Finance for a water supply improvement project. The Ministry of Finance has agreed, subject to satisfactory due diligence.

The overall objectives of the feasibility study are to develop an affordable least-cost and cost-effective bankable priority investment plan for water and wastewater infrastructure, which fully meets the EBRD’s Performance Requirements, in order to:

– rehabilitate and increase the efficiency of existing systems with strong social and environmental benefits; and
– identify key cost restructuring elements and recommend reasonable loan covenants and implementation timing in this area.

The feasibility study will also take into account the potential impacts of climate change on the Project in order to build in resilience to climate change risks.

NDR Consulting GmbH contributed to this Feasibility Study (main implementer: HOLINGER IC) with social due diligence assessments and climate change impact.

Assignments: 1) Social expert; 2) Geomorphologist

Duties and tasks:

Social Due Diligence

  • Review of existing social and socio-economic data for the Baseline Study
  • Lead of household survey:
    – Household survey about willingness-to-pay
  • Compilation of the socio-economic due diligence report:
    – Social Audit
    – Social Analysis
    – EBRD Compliance Table
    – Social Action Plan
    – Stakeholder Engagement Plan

Climate Change Issues

  • Assess water sources and water availability
  • Evaluate climate change impact on water availability


HOLINGER International Consultants GmbH, Bern, Switzerland and local partners (



Community Based Flood Management Project, Tajikistan

Client: ACTED Tajikistan / Asian Development Bank (ADB)

Location: 130 flood-prone villages in Farkhor, Hamadoni, Pyandzh, and Shurobod districts of Khatlon province in southern Tajikistan.

Duration: From May 2009 till August 2012; regular visits and intermediate remote support

Assignment: risk modelling specialist / DRR advisor

Duties and tasks:

  • Development of an overall risk model for the project (based on risk management cycle)
  • Development of risk mapping procedures (community approach, specialists’ approach) for simplified risk maps of villages
  • Assistance for establishing the VDPCs (village disaster preparedness committees), for the development of VDPP (village disaster preparedness plans) and for preparation of simulation exercises
  • Conceptual assistance for component B (silviculture)
  • Contribution to mid term review (2011), in particular review of mapping component
  • Implementation of a climate resilience survey

Project Description:

In the years since Tajikistan’s independence, the fertile flood plains adjacent to the Pyanj, Kizilsu, and Yakhsu rivers in Khatlon Province have become increasingly vulnerable to floods. Lives and livelihoods have been lost and flood embankments, houses, canals, land, roads, and bridges have been destroyed. Severe floods occurred in Vose and Farkhor districts in 1998 and 1999. The 2005 flood in Hamadoni destroyed assets with an estimated value of over $18 million. In addition, smaller floods and mudflows, causing damage and destruction, occur frequently.

The project has two main components:

  • Component A: Disaster-focused community mobilization in 130 villages of the four districts. Capacity development of village disaster preparedness committees; risk assessments, risk reduction plans; community trainings; early warning systems; save havens; household preparedness.
  • Component B: Silvicultural intervention: reforestation of tugai forest in an area of about 44 km2; alternative income generation.


ACTED (main implementer), Ghamkhori (local NGO in Khatlon oblast), CAMP Kuhiston (local NGO), CAREC (Central Asia Regional Environmental Centre) and RCST (Red Crescent Society of Tajikistan)


DRR Effectiveness Assessment

Client: Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, Federal Office for Foreign Affairs

Location: Global

Duration: October 2009 – January 2011

Assignment: project coordinator, DRR expert

Duties and tasks:

NDR Consulting GmbH has been tasked to develop the overall framework for the country assessments, the compilation of the results and the development of two reports: comprehensive technical report (internal), and report for a wider public.

In English: or

Also available in German and French:

The report has been launched during the UN General Assembly Special Session on DRR (9 February 2011).

Project Description:

SDC is implementing a number of DRR programmes in several regions of the world. The 2007 SDC Guidelines on DRR (www) requested an assessment of the effectiveness of these programmes and as well as an assessment of the mainstreaming efforts in different pilot countries. The analysis comprised 5 programmes (Bolivia/Peru, Nicaragua, Tajikistan, Georgia/Armenia, and Bangladesh) and two countries without explicit DRR programmes but where DRR is mainstreamed (Mongolia, Mali). The country assessments were conducted by 7 individual consultants (contracted by SDC), based on the given framework.


Climate Resilience and Environmental Conditions of ADB Project’s Target Villages

Client: ACTED Tajikistan / Asian Development Bank (ADB)

Location: Tajikistan: Selected villages in 4 districts (Hamadoni, Farkhor, Panj and Shurobod) in Southern Khatlon

Duration: June – October 2010

Assignment: climate risk resilience survey

Duties and tasks:

  • Quantitative survey (structured interviews) with (1) local government officials (jamoat, CoES, Health Center) and (2) students (grade 6 to 11): Interviews were intended to last approximately 30 to 40 minutes.
  • Semi-structured interviews with (3) religious leaders; (4) respected villagers and (5) villagers: Specific questions and answers (yes or no, figure, single statement) were supplemented with open-ended/ story-telling answers. Therefore, interviews were structured but some questions were open ended. Interviews were intended to last between 30 minutes and one hour.
  • Focus group discussions with men and women in the age groups 40-60 years and above 60 years where specific questions concerning CC, adaptation measures, indigenous knowledge, and gender issues are discussed.
  • Analysis of the results of the interviews and focus group discussions.
  • Final report.

Project Description:

The study addressed the climate resilience of communities in the target villages of the ADB flood risk reduction project in Southern Khatlon. The immediate objective was an increased understanding of people’s present level of climate resilience. The results will serve as basis for better integrating climate risk reduction measures in communities’ development.

The following aspects have been assessed and investigated:

Facts (risks, changes, disasters):

  • Prevailing risks in the area (primarily weather and climate-induced)
  • Changes of climate parameters over the past decades (rainfall pattern, droughts, temperature, seasonal trends etc.)

Evaluation (perception and interpretation):

  • People’s knowledge and perception of: prevailing risks, climate fluctuations and trends as well as environmental issues
  • People’s interpretation, evaluation and weighting of:
    main risks, past events, climate change, environmental degradation

Community’s coping strategies:

  • traditional management: knowledge to address and mitigate risks
  • capacity to adapt to changing risk factors
  • capacity to respond to and recover from stresses exerted to their village

Partners: ACTED Tajikistan (main implementer)

Focus group discussion


DIPECHO Risk Management Projects

Client: Focus Humanitarian Assistance (Aga Khan Development Network)

Location: Northern Areas, Chitral in Pakistan

Duration: April 2006 – January 2009

Assignment: project back stopper, DRR advisor

Duties and tasks

Focus has been supported in the domain of risk mapping and small-scale mitigation projects:

  • training on the job for risk mapping
  • assistance for map production
  • quality assurance for mapping products and protection works
  • establishing a illustrated guide for the use, interpretation and application of maps by local engineers

Project Description

Risks from natural hazards are prevailing in the mountainous areas of northern Pakistan. The development of hazard and risk maps and small-scale mitigation works for infrastructure and private assets as well as community mobilisation and awareness building were the objectives of the various Dipecho projects in distinct villages of the area.


Wasserbau Projekt Glyssibach and Trachtbach (Torrent Control project; several contracts)

Municipality of Brienz and Canton of Bern

Location: Switzerland: Brienz, Berner Oberland

Duration: August 2005 – August 2013. Read inauguration blog post (German)

Assignment: 1 Project coordinator, DRR expert, 1 social scientist, and 1 geologist, mapping specialist

Services provided by NDR Consulting GmbH within the consortium were:

  • Documentation and analysis of disasters
  • Hazard and risk mapping
  • Development of structural and non-structural protection concepts; cost-benefit analysis of structural protection works
  • Training of local intervention units
  • Development of monitoring system for landslide
  • Policy dialogue within town (level of safety) and awareness building of local inhabitants

Project Description

In August 2005 extraordinary debris flows occurred in the Glyssibach and the Trachtbach, causing damage of the order of CHF 80 M, killing 2 persons.

The works started with a thorough documentation and analysis of the destructive events. An integrated safety concept included structural and non-structural measures, including hazard mapping. Non-structural measures: danger zones in the 2 threatened town districts with restrictions for development; flood-proofing of individual houses; monitoring, warning and evacuation concept. Structural measures: debris flow deviation, discharge corridors, accumulation basins.

Partners: Consortium of firms with individual contracts

Glyssibach protection concept

Deviation in the upstream section; discharge corridor in the downstream section