International Frameworks for Disaster Risk Reduction: Useful Guidance for Sustainable Mountain Development?

Paper published by Markus Zimmermann and Margreth Keiler in Mountain Research and Development.

In recent decades, a number of global frameworks have been developed for disaster risk reduction (DRR). The Hyogo Framework for Action 2005–2015 and its successor document, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, adopted in Japan in March 2015, provide general guidance for reducing risks from natural hazards. This is particularly important for mountainous areas, but DRR for mountain areas and sustainable mountain development received little attention in the recent policy debate. The question remains whether the Hyogo and Sendai frameworks can provide guidance for sustainable mountain development.

This article evaluates the two frameworks in light of the special challenges of DRR in mountain areas and argues that, while the frameworks offer valuable guidance, they need to be further adapted for local contexts—particularly for mountain areas, which require special attention because of changing risk patterns like the effects of climate change and high land-use pressure.

Paper published in Mountain Research and Development, Vol. 35, 2, 195-202.

NDR Consulting has been active (through SDC) in supporting the drafting process of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (PDF) before and during the Sendai Conference.